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Medical Educational Software
Hemodynamic Monitoring Part II
Clinical Application
Hemodynamic Monitoring Part II: Clinical Application
Program Sections
  1. Normal Hemodynamic Parameters
  2. Principles of Hemodynamic Monitoring
  3. Representative Hemodynamic Profiles
  4. Treatment for Hemodynamic Disturbances
  5. Comprehensive Review Quiz
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Normal Hemodynamic Parameters
The Normal Hemodynamic Parameters section presents the normal values, meaning, abbreviation, as well as the appropriate equations for the various parameters associated with hemodynamic monitoring. The following list details the hemodynamic parameters included in this section:
Heart Rate
Ejection Fraction
Arterial Blood Pressure
*Mean Arterial Pressure
*Fick Equation
*Cardiac Index
*Cardiac Output
*Stroke Volume
*Pulmonary Shunt
Central Venous Pressure
Right Ventricular Pressure
Pulmonary Artery Pressure
Pulmonary Artery Wedge Pressure
*Systemic Vascular Resistance
*Systemic Vascular Resistance Index
*Pulmonary Vascular Resistance
*Pulmonary Vascular Resistance Index
*Left Ventricular Stroke Work Index
*Right Ventricular Stroke Work Index
*Mean Pulmonary Artery Pressure
*Pulse Pressure
*Stroke Index
*O2 Extraction Ratio
An asterisk (*) before a parameter means that the parameter has an equation. When the parameter is presented in this section, the user will have the opportunity to practice solving the equation and will be given feedback for correct calculations as well as incorrect calculations. A bank of randomly selected numbers gives a virtual unlimited supply of numbers for the user to practice the equation as many times as he/she wishes.

A built in calculator is included in this section to aid the user in performing calculations.

At the conclusion of this section, the user has the opportunity to print a copy of this section.
Principles of Hemodynamic Monitoring
The Principles of Hemodynamic Monitoring section presents an overview of the factors that affect the regulation of blood flow and cardiac output heart rate and stroke volume. This section also defines and describes preload, contractility, and afterload.
Representative Hemodynamic Profiles
The Representative Hemodynamic Profiles section presents a summary of 15 major disease states and their representative hemodynamic profiles. Included in this section are: Acute Cardiac Tamponade/Hypovolemic Shock/Congestive Heart Failure-Pulmonary Edema/Acute Myocardial Infarction/Left Ventricular Failure/Septic Shock/Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome/Neurogenic Shock/Cardiogenic Shock/Anaphylactic Shock/Pulmonary Emboli/ Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease/Pulmonary Hypertension/Right Ventricular Failure/Hypervolemia.
Treatment for Hemodynamic Disturbances
The Treatment for Hemodynamic Disturbances section includes the terminology associated with cardiovascular pharmacology as well as the principles involved in treating hemodynamic abnormalities. Cardiovascular agents that alter cardiac output, arterial blood pressure, myocardial contractility, preload, afterload, heart rate, and SVR are given a detailed presentation. This section concludes with a graphic summary of therapeutic interventions designed to correct hemodynamic disturbances.
Comprehensive Review Quiz
The Comprehensive Review Quiz contains a test bank of 100 test questions obtained from all sections of hemodynamic Monitoring - Part II. The test questions are generated in a randomized fashion and feedback is given for correct choices as well as incorrect choices. The user has the option of printing a score report after completing the quiz.


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